Age Spots on the Face Defined

Age spots are also known as liver or dark spots, and by the technical term solar lentigines.

Appearance

Age Spots are flat, and can be of various sizes. They can be grey, brown, or black in color. These dark spots typically appear in areas of the body that experience the most exposure to the sun. That includes areas such as the face, hands, and arms.

Dark Spots on the Face

Causes

Age spots on the face form due to overexposure to the sun. This could be related the amount of time that the exposure involves, and how intense the sun is during the exposure.

Its also important to note that the older we become, the more cumulative exposure we’ve had to the sun during our lifetimes. This exponentially increases the likelihood that dark spots will develop on our face, hands, arms, and so on.

age spots caused by exposure to sun

Isn’t our skin naturally protected from UV rays? It is, and that’s due to something in our skin called melanin pigment. Its function is absorb sunlight that contacts the skin. However, as we become older the effectiveness of our melanin pigment decreases, which results in the formation of age spots on our skin.

Prevalence

Technically speaking, Age Spots are most common among adults who are at least 40 years old. Does that mean that there’s a zilch chance that you’ll get them if you’re less than 40 years old? It doesn’t.

In fact, adults who are younger than that age threshold can also get Age Spots. However, its important to note that its significantly less prevalent in adults who are younger than 40 years old.

Risk Factors

In terms of the risk factors, there’s a disconnect between how age spots appear and their threat to one’s health. Dark spots can actually have the appearance of cancer-like growths but be 100% harmless.

Dark Spots on the Face

People most likely to develop age spots are people over 40 years old, blessed/cursed with fair skin, and those whose DNA map shows factors that make them more susceptible to develop them. As we age, our ability to combat UV rays decreases dramatically, which makes us more prone to acquiring dark spots.

Meanwhile, fair-skinned people have less melanin pigment in their skin, which makes them more vulnerable to age spots. Finally, a person’s family tendencies can give them a lok at what’s ahead long before the blemishes actually begin to appear.My mother claims to have seen her first one just before turning 34 and I am certain that they’re coming for me, too.

The good news is that we’ve become so much more educated now about the damage that prolonged sun exposure can cause.  Mom tells me that, not only did she and her girlfriends tan without sunblock of any kind, but they often slathered on mayonnaise or baby oil to maximize the impact of the rays.

Differential Diagnosis

By process of elimination, physicians can determine when age spots on face are as such, and when they’re similar to yet different from various conditions including the following ones:

1. Lentigo Maligna: This is actually a substantially worse condition than Age Spots, since its a variety of skin cancer. Lentigo Maligna starts as a small lesion that gradually becomes darker and larger. Distinguishing characteristics include their possibly being a little raised above the skin, and having uneven coloring.

2. Moles: When we think about moles, we tend to think about small, brown spots that appear on the skin. In fact, moles can actually appear as different sizes and colors! Like age spots, moles can appear on various parts of the body, including the face. Also, while moles can be raised above the surface of the skin, they can also be flat.

3. Seborrheic Keratoses

Similar to age spots, these growths can be brown or black, and can range in size. However, a significant difference is that Seborrheic Keratoses appears like a wart, and has a wax-like appearance.

Examination/Biopsy

There are various types of tests that can determine whether or not a person is suffering from age spots on or around the face.

Age Spots Examination

For example, typically a physician can diagnose facial Age Spots by simply using his or her eyes to inspect a possible sufferers skin. If a doctor isn’t 100% certain whether or not a potential Age Spot is as such, then he or she might conduct a skin biopsy.

Prevention

Medical researchers are still studying to determine the most effective ways to prevent age spots from forming.

However, they’re certain that simply reducing one’s exposure to the sun when its intensity is the greatest, or using QUALITY sunblock to lessen the effects on one’s skin can play a critical role in reducing the likelihood that dark spots will become prominent on one’s face.

Treatment

It should be noted again that any treatment of age spots on the face is strictly for cosmetic purposes, since they pose no verifiable threat to your actual health. Still, they are not particularly attractive and no woman wants to concede once they start to appear.

darks spots treatment before and after

Here are some of the most popular types of treatments:

Cryotherapy: This process involves applying low temperatures to the spots that are contained on a persons face.

Creams: These are topical treatments that go after the melanin in the skin, breaking it down to make the age spots fade away.

Dermabrasion: This is a surgical process that basically involves sanding down the uppermost layers of one’s skin until the spots disappear.

Glycolic Peels: Glycolic acid is a colorless and odorless solid contained in a number of skincare products, including treatments for age spots and other forms of hyperpigmentation. This is super-popular because it’s very effective at penetrating the outer skin levels to do its work.

Laser: This is one of the most effective methods for removing age spots, though it could require multiple sessions. That’s due to various factors, including the number of spots that are on a persons skin, and their particular location on a body. The treatment is fast, virtually painless, and permanent.

Retinols: These are Vitamin A forms that are also alcohols. Vitamin A is one of the most crucial vitamins in terms of skin health.

Skin Lightening: While this treatment of age spots on the face can include various forms, the goal is to utilize a chemical substance in order to lighten a persons skin tone. Hydroquinone is one popular organic compound that’s a variety of phenols (which resemble alcohols, but aren’t technically alcohols). It’s controversial for a number of reasons (including significant believe that it may be carcinogenic), but it has a well-documented skin lightening impact.

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